الرئيسية » Simplified Chemistry (صفحه 2)

Simplified Chemistry

الغازات النبيلة (الغازات الخاملة)

مقدمة الغازات النبيلة أو الغازات الخاملة هي العناصر التي توجد في المجموعة الثامنة عشر من الجدول الدوري و تشمل الهيليوم He ، النيون Ne و الأرجون Ar و الكربتون Kr والزينون Xe و الرادون Rn، و هي جميعا تنتمي إلى القطاع p من الجدول الدوري. و تتميز بأن عدد الإلكترونات …

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borax-bead test

A preliminary test in qualitative inorganic analysis that can be a guide to the presence of certain metals. A small loop is made in the end of a platinum or Nichrome wire and heated in a Bunsen flame until red hot. It is then dipped into powdered borax, and the …

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Bleaching powder

Bleaching powder: A white solid that can be regarded as a mixture of calcium chlorate(I) (calcium hypochlorite), calcium chloride, and calcium hydroxide. It is prepared on a large scale by passing a current of chlorine through a tilted cylinder down which is passed calcium hydroxide. Bleaching powder has been used …

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Blast Furnace

A furnace for producing iron from iron(III) oxide. A mixture of the ore with coke and a flux is heated by preheated air blown into the bottom of the furnace. The flux is often calcium oxide (from limestone). Molten pig iron is run off from the bottom of the furnace.

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Birkeland–Eyde process

An industrial process for fixing nitrogen (as nitrogen monoxide) by passing air through an electric arc. It is one of the first processes to take place while manufacturing nitrogen based fertilizers. It was developed by Norwegian physicist and chemist Kristian Olaf Bernhard Birkeland (1867–1917) and the Norwegian engineer and industrialist …

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Bohrium

A chemical element, symbol Bh, atomic number 107. Bohrium was synthesized and identified in 1981 by using the Universal Linear Accelerator (UNILAC) of the Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI) at Darmstadt, West Germany, by a team led by P. Armbruster and G. Muzenberq. The reaction used to produce the element was …

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Important bismuth compounds

Bismuth(III) carbonate dioxide : (bismuthyl carbonate; Bi2O2CO3) A white solid prepared by mixing solutions of bismuth nitrate and ammonium carbonate. It contains the (BiO)+ ion. Bismuth(III) chloride (bismuth trichloride; BiCl3) A white deliquescent solid. It can be prepared by direct combination of bismuth and chlorine. Bismuth(III) chloride dissolves in excess …

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important beryllium compounds

Beryllium carbonate (BeCO₃) , molecular weight: 69.021 g/mol , melting point: 54 °C  . It is An unstable solid prepared by prolonged treatment of a suspension of beryllium hydroxide with carbon dioxide. The resulting solution is evaporated and filtered in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide. This compound is toxic, Irritant and …

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