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Introduction to Organic chemistry: Chapter 2 NOTES

Introduction to Organic chemistry: Chapter 2 NOTES Acids and Bases

A great many organic reactions are acid–base reactions. Many organic reactions are catalyzed by proton-donating acids, such as H3O+ and CH3OH2+. Others are catalyzed by Lewis acids, such as AlCl3 .

2.1 What Are Arrhenius Acids and Bases? According to Arrhenius definitions, an acid is a substance that dissolves in water to produce H+ ions, and a base…

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ملخص الفصل الرابع :أنواع التفاعلات الكيميائية و العلاقات الكمية للمحاليل من كتاب الكيمياء للعالم زومدال Chapter 4 notes: Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry , Chemistry Zumdahl

ملخص الفصل الرابع :أنواع التفاعلات الكيميائية و العلاقات الكمية للمحاليل من كتاب الكيمياء للعالم زومدال Chapter 4 notes: Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry , Chemistry Zumdahl

الكيمياء العامة 1 ، الكيمياء العامة 101 ، General Chemistry

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Chemical Bonding

Chemical bond: The attractive force which holds together the constituent atoms of chemical compounds is called chemical bond.

Combination of atoms: It. is universal law of nature that systems with lower energy are more stable. So atoms combine to form a molecule because it has a· lower energy i.e., more stable.

Modern concept of chemical bonding: The formation -of a chemical bond between two atoms depends upon the…

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