جميع المواضيع المتعلقة بـ ‘Amines’

 

acylation

A process in which a hydrogen atom in an organic compound is re­placed by an acyl group (R-CO, where R = an organic group). The reaction in­volves substitution by a nucleophile (electron donor) at the electrophilic carbonyl group (C=O) of a carboxylic acid derivative. The substitution usually proceeds by an addition-elimination sequence. Two common reagents, with the general formula RCOX, that bring about acylation are acid halides (X…

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Acid and base

Two interrelated classes of chemical compounds, the precise definitions of which have varied considerably with the development of chemistry. Some of these controversies are still unresolved.

Acids initially were defined only by their common properties as substances which had a sour taste, dissolved many metals, and reacted with alkalies (or bases) to form salts. For a time it was believed that a common constituent of all acids was…

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Introduction to Organic chemistry: Chapter 1 NOTES

Introduction to Organic chemistry NOTES Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules

Organic chemistry is the study of the compounds of carbon. organic compounds are everywhere around us. The organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon and only a few other elements—chiefly hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Many og organic compounds also contain sulfur, phosphorus, and a halogens.

1.1 How Do We Describe the Electronic Structure of Atoms? The…

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