جميع المواضيع المتعلقة بـ ‘absorption’

 

absorption spectrum

absorption spectrum a spectrum produced when electromagnetic radiation is absorbed by a sample. The frequencies of the radiation absorbed are those able to excite the atoms or molecules of the sample from their ground states to excited states. The frequency, ν, at which a particular absorption line occurs depends on the energy difference, ΔE, between that of a particular ground state and that of the corresponding excited state….

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absorption

Either the taking up of matter in bulk by other matter, as in the dissolving of a gas by a liquid; or the taking up of energy from radiation by the medium through which the radiation is passing. In the first case, an absorption coefficient is defined as the amount of gas dissolved at standard conditions by a unit volume of the solvent. Absorption in this sense is…

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(adsorption indicator (absorption indicator

adsorption indicator (absorption indicator) A type of indicator used in reactions that involve precipita­tion. The yellow dye fluorescein is a common example, used for the reac­tion

NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) → AgCl(s) + NaNO3(aq)

As silver nitrate solution is added to the sodium chloride, silver chlo­ride precipitates. As long as Cl” ions are in excess, they adsorb on the precipitate particles. At the end point, no Cl…

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absorption tower

A long vertical column used in industry for absorbing gases. The gas is introduced at the bottom of the column and the absorbing liquid, often water, passes in at the top and falls down against the countercurrent of gas. The towers are also known as scrubbers.

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absorption coefficient

1. (in spectroscopy) The molar absorption coefficient (symbol ε ) is a quantity that characterizes the absorption of light (or any other type of electromagnetic radiation) as it passes through a sample of the absorbing material. It has the dimensions of 1/{concentration x length). e is de­pendent on the frequency of the inci­dent light; its highest value occurs where the absorption is most in­tense. Since absorption bands usually…

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